Woodland Herbs
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Although herbs are often referred to by their common name, it is also useful to be able to find them by their Latin name. Often dictionary of herbs are presented as two lists, one to translate from Latin into English and another to translate from English into Latin, we find a full listing of all the names to be the easiest to use. We have reproduced it below.


The table below gives the common name, the latin name and also other names that maybe used. The names are given in alphabetical order. Simply use the index at the top to look up the letter you are interested in.Names in italics are Latin names. Names in Red are not normally available over the counter (these include herbs restricted by law "Schedule 3").


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Achillea millefoliumYarrow 
AconiteAconitum nepellus 
Aconitum nepellusAconite 
Acorus calamusSweet Flag Root 
Aesculus hippocastanumHorse Chestnut Sweet 
Agnus castusVitex agnus castusChaste Tree
Agrimonia eupatoriaAgrimony 
AgrimonyAgrimonia eupatoria 
Agropyron repensCouchgrass 

Alchemilla arvensis

Parsley Piert Herb

   

Alchemilla vulgaris

Ladies Mantle

 

Alfalfa

Medicago sativa

 
Althea officinalis (herba)Marshmallow (herb) 
Althea officinalis (rad)Marshmallow (root) 
Anemone PulsatillaPasque Flower 
Angelica

Angelica archangelica (herba) 
Angelica archangelica (herba)

Angelica (herb)

 

Angelica archangelica (rad)

Angelica (root)

   

Angelica (root)

Angelica archangelica (rad)

 

Angelica sinensis

Dong quai root 
AniseAniseed

Pimpinella anisum

Aniseed

Pimpinella anisumAnise
Anthemis nobilisChamomile (Roman)Chamamelum nobilis
Apium graveolumCelery seed 
Arctium lappa (rad)Burdock root 
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiUva UrsiBearberry
Arnica FlowerArnica montana 
Arnica montanaArnica Flower 
Artemisia vulgarisMugwort 
AstragalusAstralagus membranaceus

 
Astralagus membranaceusAstragalus 
Avena sativa (herb)Oat straw 
Avena sativa semenOat seeds 
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BalmLemon BalmMelissa officinalis

Baptisia tinctoriaWild Indigo Root 
BarberryBerberis vulgaris 
Barosma betulinaBuchu 
Bayberry Root BarkMyrica cerifera 
BearberryUva UrsiArctostaphylos uva-ursi
Bellis perennisDaisy 
Berberis aquifoliumOregon GrapeMountain Grape
Berberis vulgarisBarberry 
Beth RootTrillium erectum 
Betula albaBirch leaf 
Birch leaf

Betula alba 
Black CohoshCimicifuga racemosa 
Black Haw BarkViburnum prunifolium 
BladderwrackFucus vesiculosusKelp
Blue Flag RhizomeIris versicolor 
BoldoPeumus boldo

 
Boneset Herb

Eupatorium perfoliatum

 
BorageBorago officinalis

Starflower

Borago officinalis

Borage

Starflower

Buchu

Barosma betulina

 
Burdock Root

Arctium lappa (rad)

 
Calendula officinalis

Marigold

 
Calendula officinalis 25

Marigold 25

 
Calendula officinalis 90

Marigold 90

 
Californian Poppy

Eschscholtzia californica

 
Capsella bursa pastoris

Shepherbs Purse Herb

 
Capsicum minimum

Cayenne Fruits

   
Carduus marianus

Milk Thistle Seed

Silybum marianum

Cassia angustifolia

Senna Pods

 
Catmint

Nepeta cataria

Catnip

Catnip

Nepeta cataria

Catmint

Cayenne Fruits

Capsicum minimum

 
Celery seed

Apium graveolum

 
Centella asiatica

Gotu Kola

Hydrocotyle asiatica

CentuaryErythraea centaurium 
Chamaelirium luteumFalse Unicorn Root   

Chamamelum nobilis

Chamomile (Roman)

Anthemis nobilis

Chamomile (German)

Chamomilla recutita

Matricaria recutita

Chamomile (Roman)

Chamamelum nobilis

Anthemis nobilis

Chamomilla recutita

Chamomile (Germ)

Matricaria recutita

Chaste Tree

Vitex agnus castus

Agnus castus

Chickweed

Stellaria media

 

Chionanthus virginicus

Fringetree Bark

 

Cimicifuga racemosa

Black Cohosh

 

Cinammon

Cinnamomum zeylanicum

 

Cinnamomum zeylanicum

Cinammon

 

Cleavers

Galium aperine

 

Coltsfoot flowers

Tussilago farfara (flos)

 

Coltsfoot leaf

Tussilago farfara (fol)

 

Comfrey (leaf)

Symphytum officinalis (fol)

 

Comfrey (root)

Symphytum officinalis (rad)

 

Commiphora molmol

Myrh

 

Coneflower

Echinacea angustifolia

 

Cornsilk

Zea mays

 

Couchgrass

Agropyron repens

 

Cramp Bark

Viburnum opulus

 

Crataegus oxycantha

Hawthorn

 
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Daisy

Bellis perenis

 

Damiana

Turnera diffusa

Turnera aphrodisia

Dandelion (leaf)

Taraxacum officinalis (fol)

 

Dandelion (root)

Taraxacum officinalis (rad)

 

Devils Claw (root)

Harpagophytum procumbens

 

Dioscorea villosa

Wild Yam Root

 

Dog Rose

Rosa canina

 

Dong quai root

Angelica sinensis

 

Echinacea angustifolia

Coneflower Root

 

Echinacea purpurea

Purple Coneflower

 

Elderflower

Sambuccus nigra (flos)

 

Elecampane

Inula helenium

 

Eleutherococcus Senticosus

Siberian Ginseng

Ginseng

Ephedra

Ephedra sinica

 

Ephedra sinica

Ephedra

 

Equisetum arvense

Horsetail

 

Erythraea centaurium

Centuary

 

Eschscholtzia californica

Californian Poppy

 

Eupatorium perfoliatum

Boneset Herb

 

Eupatorium purpureum

Gravel Root

 

Euphrasia officinalis

Eyebright

 

Eyebright

Euphrasia officinalis

 

False Unicorn Root

Chamaelirium luteum

 

Fennel seed

Foeniculum vulgare

 

Fenugreek seed

Trigonella foenum-grecum

 

Feverfew

Tanacetum parthenium

 

Filipendula ulmaria

Meadowsweet

 

Foeniculum vulgare

Fennel seed

 

Fringetree Bark

Chionanthus virginicus

 

Fucus vesiculosus

Bladderwrack

Kelp

Fumaria offincinalis

Fumitory Herb

 

Fumitory Herb

Fumaria offincinalis

 

Galega officinalis

Goats Rue Herb

 

Galium aperine

Cleavers

 

Gelsemium sempervirens

Yellow Jasmine Root

 

Gentian Root

Gentiana lutea

 

Gentiana lutea

Gentian Root

 

Ginger

Zingiber officinale

 

Ginkgo

Ginkgo biloba

 

Ginkgo biloba

Ginkgo

 

Ginseng

Eleutherococcus Senticosus

Siberian Ginseng

Ginseng

Panax ginseng

Korean Ginseng

Glechoma hederacea

Ground Ivy

Nepeta hederacea

Glycyrrhiza glabra

Liquorice

 

Goats Rue Herb

Galega officinalis

 

Golden Seal

Hydrastis canadensis

 

Goldenrod

Solidago virgaurea

 

Gotu Kola Root

Centella asiatica

Hydrocotyle asiatica

Gravel Root

Eupatorium purpureum

 

Ground Ivy

Glechoma hederacea

 

Guaiacum

Guaiacum officinale

Lignum Vitae

Guaiacum officinale

Lignum Vitae

Guaiacum

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Harpagophytum procumbens

Devils Claw

 

Hawthorn

Crataegus oxyacanthoides

 

Heartsease

Viola tricolor

 

Hops

Humulus lupus

 

Horse Chestnut

Aesculus hippocastanum

 

Horsetail

Equisetum arvense

 

Humulus lupus

Hops

 

Hydrastis canadensis

Golden Seal

 

Hydrocotyle asiatica

Centella asiatica

Gotu Kola Root

Hypericum perforatum

St John's Wort

 

Hyssop

Hyssopus officianalis

 

Hyssopus officianalis

Hyssop

 

Inula helenium

Elecampane

 

Iris florentina

Orris root

 

Iris versicolor

Blue Flag Rhizome

 

Kelp

Bladderwrack

Fucus vesiculosus

Korean Ginseng

Panax ginseng

Ginseng

Lactuca virosa

Wild Lettuce

 

Ladies Mantle

Alchemilla vulgaris

 

Lamium album

White Dead Nettle

 

Lavandula angustifolia

Lavender

 

Lavender

Lavandula angustifolia

 

Lemon Balm

Melissa officinalis

Balm

Lemon Verbena 

Lippia citriodora

 

Leonurus cardiaca

Motherwort

 

Lignum Vitae

Guaiacum

Guaiacum officinale

Lignum vitae

Guaiacum officinale

Guaiacum

Limeflower

Tilia europea

 

Linseed

Linum usitatissimum

 

Linum usitatissimum

Linseed

 

Lippia citriodora

Lemon Verbena

 

Liquorice

Glycyrrhiza glabra

 

Lobelia

Lobelia inflata

 

Lobelia inflata

Lobelia

 

Marigold

Calendula officinalis

 

Marigold 25

Calendula officinalis 25

 

Marigold 90

Calendula officinalis 90

 

Marrubium vulgare

White Horehound herb

 

Marshmallow (herb)

Althea officinalis (herba)

 

Marshmallow (root)

Althea officinalis (rad)

 

Matricaria recutita

Chamomile (German)

Chamomilla recutita

Meadowsweet

Filipendula ulmaria

 
Medicago sativa

Alfalfa

 
Melissa officinalis

Lemon Balm

Balm

Mentha piperita

Peppermint

 
Milk Thistle Seed

Carduus marianus

Silybum marianum

Mistletoe

Viscum album

 
Motherwort

Leonurus cardiaca

 
Mountain Grape

Oregon Grape

Berberis aquifolium

Mugwort

Artemisia vulgaris

 

Mullein

Verbascum thapsus

 

Myrica cerifera

Bayberry Root Bark

 

Myrrh

Commiphora molmol

 

Nepeta cataria

Catnip

Catmint

Nepeta hederacea

Glechoma hederacea

Ground Ivy

Nettle (herb)

Urtica dioica (herb)

If not root, assume herb

Nettle (root)

Urtica dioica (rad)

 
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Oak bark

Quercus robor (cort)

 

Oat groats

Avena sativa (semen)

 

Oat Straw

Avena sativa (herb)

 

Oregon Grape

Berberis aquifolium

Mountain Grape

Orris root

Iris florentina

 

Panax ginseng

Korean Ginseng Root

Ginseng

Parietaria diffusa

Pellitory of the Wall

 

Parsley Piert Herb

Alchemilla arvensis

 

Pasque Flower

Anemone pulsatilla

 

Passiflora incarnata

Passion Flower

 

Passion Flower

Passiflora incarnata

 

Pau D'Arco

Tabebuia impetiginosa

 

Pellitory of the Wall

Parietaria diffusa

 

Peppermint

Mentha piperita

 

Peumus boldo

Boldo

 

Phytolacca decandra

Poke Root

 

Pilewort

Ranunculus ficaria

Ficaria ranunculoides

Pimpinella anisum

Aniseed

Anise

Plantago lanceolata

Ribwort

 

Plantago major

Plantain

 

Plantago psyllium

Psyllium

 

Poke Root

Phytolacca decandra

 

Prickly Ash Bark

Zanthoxylum clava herculis 

 

Psyllium (normally powder)

Plantago psyllium

 

Purple Coneflower

Echinacea purpurea

 

Quercus robur

Oak Bark

 

Raspberry Leaf

Rubus idaeus

 

Red Clover

Trifolium Pratense

 

Ribwort

Plantago lanceolata

 

Rosa spp

Rose

 

Rosa canina

Rose Hips

Dog Rose

Rose

Rosa spp.

 

Rose Hips

Rosa canina

Dog Rose

Rosemary

Rosmarinus officinalis

 

Rosmarinus officinalis

Rosemary

 

Rubus idaeus

Raspberry Leaf

 

Rumex crispus

Yellow Dock

 
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Sage

Salvia officinalis

 

Salix alba

White Willow

Willow

Salvia officinalis

Sage

 

Sambuccus nigra(flos)

Elderflower

 

Saponaria officinalis herba

Soapwort

 

Sarsaparilla

Smilax sp.

 

Saw Palmetto

Serenoa serrulata

 

Scullcap

Skullcap

Scutellaria lateriflora

Scutellaria lateriflora

Skullcap

Scullcap

Senna Pods

Cassia angustifolia

 

Serenoa serrulata

Saw Palmetto

 

Shepherbs Purse Herb

Capsella bursa pastoris

 

Siberian Ginsen

Eleutherococcus Senticosus

Ginseng

Silybum marianum

Milk Thistle Seed

Carduus marianus

Skullcap

Scutellaria lateriflora

Scullcap

Slippery Elm (powder)

Ulmus fulva

 

Smilax sp.

Sarsaparilla

 

Soapwort (herb)

Saponaria officinalis (herba)

 

Solidago virgaurea

Goldenrod

 

St John's Wort

Hypericum perforatum

 

Stachys betonica

Wood Betony Herb

 

Starflower

Borage

Borago officinalis

Stellaria media

Chickweed

 

Sweet Flag Root

Acorus calamus

 

Sweet Violet Leaf

Viola odorata

 

Symphytum officinalis (fol)

Comfrey (leaf)

 

Symphytum officinalis (rad)

Comfrey (root)

 

Tabebuia impetiginosa

Pau D'Arco

 

Tanacetum parthenium

Feverfew

 

Tanacetum vulgare

Tansy Herbs

 

Tansy Herbs

Tanacetum vulgare

 

Taraxacum officinalis (fol)

Dandelion (leaf)

 

Taraxacum officinalis (rad)

Dandelion (root)

 

Thuja

Thuja occidentalis

Tree of Life

Thuja occidentalis

Tree of Life

Thuja

Thyme

Thymus vulgaris

 

Thymus vulgaris

Thyme

 

Tilia europea

Limeflower

 

Tree of Life

Thuja occidentalis

Thuja

Trifolium pratense

Red Clover

 

Trigonella foenum-grecum

Fenugreek seed

 

Trillium erectum

Beth root

Trillium pendulum

Trillium pendulum

Trillium erectum

Beth root

Turnera aphrodisia

Damiana

Turnera diffusa

Turnera diffusa

Damiana

Turnera aphrodisia

Tussilago farfara (flos)

Coltsfoot (flowers)

 

Tussilago farfara (fol)

Coltsfoot (leaf)

 
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Ulmus fulva

Slippery Elm

 

Urtica dioica

Nettle

If not root, assume herb

Urtica dioica rad

Nettle (root)

 

Uva Ursi

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

Bearberry

Valerian

Valeriana officinalis

 

Valeriana officinalis

Valerian

 

Verbascum thapsus

Mullein

 

Verbena officinalis

Vervain

 

Vervain

Verbena officinalis

 

Viburnum opulus

Cramp Bark

 

Viburnum prunifolium

Black Haw Bark

 

Viola odorata

Sweet Violet Leaf

 

Viola tricolor

Heartsease

 

Viscum album

Mistletoe

 

Vitex agnus castus

Agnus castus

Chaste Tree

White Dead Nettle

Lamium album

 

White Horehound herb

Marrubium vulgare

 

White Willow

Salix alba

Willow Bark

Wild Indigo Root

Baptisia tinctoria

 

Wild Lettuce

Lactuca virosa

   
Wild Yam Root

Dioscorea villosa

 
Willow Bark

White Willow

Salix alba

Wood Betony Herb

Stachys betonica

 
Xanthoxylum clava herculis

Zanthoxylum clava herculis 

Prickly Ash Bark

Yarrow

Achillea millefolium

 
Yellow DockRumex crispus 
Yellow Jasmine Root

Gelsemium sempervirens

 
Zanthoxylum clava herculis 

Prickly Ash BarkXanthoxylum clava herc.

Zea maysCornsilk 
Zingiber officinale

Ginger

 
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